Automated testing is the process of using software tools to execute test cases, test scripts, or test plans without manual intervention. The goal of automated testing is to reduce the time, effort, and cost associated with manual testing while increasing the speed, accuracy, and reliability of testing results. Automated testing can be used for a wide range of testing types, including unit testing, integration testing, functional testing, performance testing, and regression testing.
Benefits of automated testing include:
- Improved accuracy: Automated tests are executed in a consistent and repeatable manner, reducing the risk of human error and improving the accuracy of test results.
- Increased efficiency: Automated tests can be executed much faster than manual tests, reducing the time required to complete testing and increasing the speed of the development process.
- Enhanced reliability: Automated tests can be run repeatedly and on a regular basis, improving the reliability and stability of test results.
- Early detection of defects: Automated tests can be run frequently and early in the development process, helping to identify and resolve defects earlier in the development cycle, before they become more expensive to fix.
- Reduced costs: Automated tests can be designed to cover a wide range of scenarios and test cases, reducing the overall cost of testing and increasing the return on investment in testing efforts.
Automated testing is typically performed using testing tools, frameworks, and libraries, such as Selenium, JUnit, TestNG, or Cucumber. Automated tests are usually written using a scripting language, such as Python, Java, or Ruby, and can be executed as part of a continuous integration and continuous delivery (CI/CD) pipeline.